The Great Dunes 4 Days
When to trek?
October through April
October still has rather warm day-time temperatures, very pleasant evenings. Night-time lows of around freezing in December / January. But winter light conditions are beautiful, due to the low winter sun. Possibility of a light rain shower in March. The desert is in bloom and camel calves are grazing. Early April sees the arrival of higher temperatures.
Who is it suitable for?
Anyone wishing to get well off the beaten path and to experience the raw beauty of the Sahara.
The Iriqui National Park is home to an array of flora & fauna and the scenery unparalleled. Be prepared to walk on average 5-6 hrs per day. Option to trek by camel. Simply bring a sense of adventure.
THE GREAT DUNES EXPERIENCE ERG CHIGAGA
Trek a straight-line route to Erg Chigaga Great Dunes, the longest sand dune field in Morocco. You will therefore require 4×4 transport back out of the desert, with two onward journey options. Discover some fascinating history and cross the vast Draa River bed in the heart of the desert. Visit the remote Erg Zahar dunes and the abandoned desert settlement of Erg Smar on the banks of the Draa River.
On reaching Erg Chigaga Great Dunes, you can choose to camp a fourth night at the foot of the dunes or, if short on time, travel back out of the desert to M’hamid on the fourth evening (the 2hrs journey by 4×4 to M’hamid will be made shortly after sunset, to allow you time to enjoy the day’s end from a vantage point on the dunes). If you camp at Erg Chigaga on the last night, you are able to take a vehicle transfer out of the desert next morning to Marrakech (or Ouarzazate), exiting the desert to the north-west at Foum Zguid and expecting to reach Marrakech early evening, or transfer back to M’hamid during the morning.
Click on the images to enlarge / © Images courtesy of M. Charytonowicz & Wild Morocco
Early morning pick-up at riad / hotel and transfer from Marrakech to the desert frontier village of M’hamid El Ghezlane, at the end of the tarmac road, on the Draa Valley. Today’s journey is wonderful – traverse the High Atlas mountains via the highest main road pass in Morocco (the Tichka Pass at 2260m), pass typical Berber villages and lush valleys by the roadside, beyond Ouarzazate cross the Anti-Atlas mountain range before meeting the course of the Draa River valley (the longest river in Morocco and flanked by glorious date palm oases & crumbling kasbahs) and driving via Agdz and Zagora. Overnight just outside M’hamid El Ghezlane in the palm grove of Bounou, staying at one of the best guesthouses in the region. Overnight on half-board basis.
After breakfast, your vehicle will drive you the short distance to M’hamid from your guesthouse. There, meet your desert guides & camel caravan where the camels are loaded with your luggage / equipment. Your guides will also help you to wrap your turban, ideal protection in the desert. The morning’s trek follows the southern banks of the Draa River, through the vast palm groves and original settlement of M’hamid (purported to be approx. 300 yrs old); take time to visit some of the ancient pise-mud buildings, now abandoned, and enjoy the partial shade offered by the trees. Once at the end of the palm grove, take lunch at a point known as Ras Nkhal. Here, the palm trees open out and give way to desert scrub and stone (hamada), earth banks & tamarisk trees for the rest of the day’s trek. After lunch, continue on a south-westerly course for approx. 2.5 hours towards the marabout (the shrine of a holy man) of Sidi Naji, close to where overnight camp will be established, in the seclusion of small dunes. Today’s trek time: 5-6 hours, depending on the pace of the group.
After breakfast, camp is struck, and the day’s goal, the large, remote sand dune region, of Zahar, will be reached before lunch. Today’s trekking terrain is largely flat, plateau-like earth (a dried lake) which gradually transforms into rolling sand dunes, with far less vegetation visible today. Camp is established at the foot of the tall dunes, between smaller dunes, and lunch is served. This is a little-visited dune region and your afternoon is given to exploring Zahar, reaching the highest point to enjoy the wide-reaching views across the ‘erg’ (sand sea) and then the sunset. From this vantage point, it will be possible to look towards the route of the next 2 days – Erg Smar, and then the great dunes of Erg Chigaga. Zahar is also known as the ‘screaming dunes’, for a legend that tells of a village buried beneath the sands there. Today’s trek time: 4 hours, depending on the pace of the group.
After breakfast, camp is struck. This morning, for the first time since leaving M’hamid, you will cross the bed of the Draa River, to its northern banks, to trek to the abandoned desert settlement of Erg Smar (where, once, up to 35 families lived and farmed the land). The size of the Draa river bed is astonishing, given it now runs dry, but once flowed in abundance through the desert. Water does still run deep underground here and there is a well on the banks of the dried river where you will replenish the water supply (and freshen up with a quick shower). Evidence of human existence is everywhere, the outline of agricultural plots & gardens, abandoned pise-mud buildings which were homes. Your day’s trek finishes under the welcome shade of large tamarisk trees, where camp is established – hard to believe you’re still in the heart of desert terrain, given the size of the the trees at this village. After lunch, you may explore the settlement, the banks of the Draa and the sand dunes that have since started to encroach on the buildings. Today’s trek time: 3 hours, depending on the pace of the group.
After breakfast, camp is struck. Today’s goal is the great dunes of Erg Chigaga, Morocco’s largest sand sea (stretching some 40km in length) and where you may come across other visitors for the first time on trek. Departing Erg Smar, you leave the dense vegetation behind to cross small dunes and then a broad, earth plateau, passing through an area where it may be possible to see traces of gazelle (as the shrub that they feed on grows just here). To the north and south, rolling dunes are visible. The vegetation increases once more, and you take lunch under the shade of trees. After lunch, on trek, the vegetation gives way to rolling dunes and yet another small plateau, before the expanse of Erg Chigaga rises before you. You leave the camels to scramble up the sand to the nearest vantage point, with the Erg stretching far away in front of you. With good visibility, you should just make out the dunes of Zahar. Enjoy sunset from there and then descend to camp at the foot of the dunes. Today’s trek time: 5-6 hours, depending on the pace of the group.
With an early breakfast, depart out of the desert to Marrakech. Drive off-road for 3 hours, via a dried river course that leads to the vast salt lake, Iriqui, and through some of the finest remote scenery in Morocco. Today’s off-road journey allows you to exit the desert, in the opposite direction to your start point (M’hamid El Ghezlane), to allow you to experience as much of this region of the Moroccan Sahara as possible. Join the tarmac road at Foum Zguid, continue onwards to Taznakht via some dramatic views, and then onwards to reach the main route across the High Atlas mountains. Expect to arrive to your riad / hotel in Marrakech early evening.
TREKKING WITH COMFORT
During each desert trek, wild camps are established by night. We provide the essentials for a night under the stars in the Sahara desert.
However, if you choose to upgrade to ‘trekking with comfort’, your nights camping out in the Sahara will be altogether a different experience. The camps, as with the standard trekking, are not fixed by location and are entirely private for your trek.
Sleep on a plush mattress, with linens, quilt and pillows, hot water bottle (in Winter), inside a spacious, carpeted Berber tent (5mx4m). In warmer conditions, have your bed set up outside.
We provide a separate tent for evening meal-times, with table and chairs, and pouffes/cushions for relaxation near the campfire, or for star-gazing. Lunches are al fresco and under shade.
Hot water and towels are available for bucket-washing (which conserves water).
Sodas, wine, beer will be available (at no extra charge).